Holidays in Colombia: bogotá and its sights

Bogota

international Airport

There are no direct flights to Bogota from our country yet, but, with a transfer, you can fly there in about 1000 dollars. Flights are made by European airlines KLM, Air Europa і Turkish Airlines. In the air 12 -28 hours, it depends, where to transplant. Need to clarify about a transit visa, if you fly with a stopover in Canada or the USA. When transferring in European cities, this visa is not required.
Bogota airport "El Dorado", here the problem with passenger traffic is solved at the highest level. It is a modern large building with professional workers, who know their stuff, therefore, it will not take much time to process documents and luggage. Navigation is excellent here and all employees are talking, except spanish, in English. It is also convenient that, that there are many travel agencies at the airport, who provide their services.
From the airport to the center of Bogota about half an hour by taxi, which will cost from 15 dollars. You can also use the city bus, it is quite comfortable and runs from the airport to the city center. Worth the trip about a dollar.

Bogota airport

References

  • Arias, Santa, and Mariselle Meléndez. Mapping Colonial Spanish America: Places and Commonplaces of Identity, Culture and Experience. Bucknell University Press, 2002. ISBN 0838755097
  • Henderson, Alexander C., Helen Delpar, Maurice P. Brungardt, and Richard Weldon. A Reference Guide to Latin American History. Routledge, 2000. ISBN 978-1563247446
  • Leech, Gary. Beyond Bogota: Diary of a Drug War Journalist in Colombia. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0807061459
  • Sowell, David. The Early Colombian Labor Movement: Artisans and Politics in Bogota, 1832-1919. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1992. ISBN 978-0877229650

History

Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area near present day Bogotá was sparsely inhabited by the indigenous Muisca. They were master goldsmiths who are thought to have originated the myth of El Dorado with their tradition of rolling their new chief in gold dust. The area of present-day Bogota was originally called Bacatá by the Muiscas meaning “planted fields.” It was the center of their civilization before the Spanish explorers colonized the area, and it sustained a large population. The European settlement was founded on August 6, 1538, by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada who quickly dispatched the local Muisca tribes, and named the area “Santa Fe de Bacatá” after his birthplace Santa Fé and the local name. “Bacatá” had become the modern “Bogota” by the time it was made the capital of the New Kingdom of Granada, which was then part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, and later of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. The city soon became one of the centers of Spanish colonial power and civilization in South America.

In 1810-11 its citizens revolted against Spanish rule and set up a government of their own, but had to contend with internal divisions and the temporary return to power of Spanish military loyalists, who resumed control of the city from 1816 to 1819, when Simón Bolívar captured it after his victory at Boyacá. Bogotá was then made the capital of Gran Colombia, a federation combining the territories of modern-day Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. When that republic was dissolved in 1830 into its constituent parts, Bogotá remained the capital of New Granada, which later became the Republic of Colombia.

The city grew slowly because Bogotános (cachacos) wanted to preserve their old culture, including their cherished churches, convents, and ornate Spanish colonial style homes.

Did you know?
The city of Bogota, Colombia has been called the “Athens of South America”

The city expanded rapidly after 1940 as large numbers of rural Colombians migrated there in search of greater economic opportunities. It is sometimes called the “Athens of South America.”

On April 9th, 1948, sparked by the murder of the political leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitan, the people took to the streets, raided the shops and burned the churches and official buildings. At the time, Bogotá was a city of 400,000 people that had withstood many earthquakes, but the ‘Bogotázo’ as this is known, left the city in ruins. Shortly after the Bogotázo, the first modern buildings were constructed, followed by skyscrapers and shopping centers.

In 1956, the municipality was joined to other neighboring municipalities forming a “Special District” (Spanish: Special District).
With the Constitution of 1991, Bogotá was confirmed as the Capital of Colombia acquiring the name “Santa Fe de Bogota,” and changing the category from Special District to “Capital District” (Spanish: Capital district).

The increase of drug trafficking in the last 25 years has exacerbated the ongoing civil conflict, although the frequent car bombings and other acts of terrorism that plagued Bogotá a decade ago have subsided. Occasional political assassinations are however, grim reminders that the violence has not been completely eradicated.

In August 2000 the capital’s name was officially changed back from “Bogota Santa Fe” to the more usual “Bogotá D.C ..”

Hospitable capital

This city will intrigue any traveler. Tourists still have an opinion, that this is a city of drug barons and mafia, who plays her scary games. Actually, for many years, how Bogota went from a dubious place to a fashionable, economic and cultural center of Colombia. This place, where you can hide from the crowds of tourists, plunge into a completely different rhythm and way of life.
Colombia and Bogota including - a mountainous area, the city is located in the very center of the country in the Cordillera mountains. In Bogota, tourists will have to adapt, because she is on top 2400 m above sea level and bad health on the first day of stay does not surprise anyone

The time difference between Bogota and our belt is 8 hours (which is also important for the human body).
Bogota was founded by the Spaniards approximately 500 years ago. Despite the state Spanish language, almost everyone knows english

Populous city, more than 8 million people.

Bogota and its attractions

Infrastructure

Health

Health services in Bogotá are administered by the District Department of Health and funded by a contribution of four percent of all employees’ income. Non-employed persons are covered under a subsidized health regime, in which the contribution depends on the income level.

The city has many health centers, private clinics and state hospitals that render medical and hospital services. There are 142 public medical clinics and 22 health organizations that render services to more than 4,900,000 patients.

Transportation

Bogotá has an extensive modern transportation system comprising in excess of 15,000 buses, vans (medium size buses), collective (vans or minivans), taxis and the Transmilenio (92 articulated buses implemented in 2001). Buses are the main means of mass transportation. Bogotá is also a hub for national and international bus routes with the main terminal serving routes to the majority of cities and towns in Colombia and international services to Ecuador and Venezuela.

Bogotá’s main airport, El Dorado International Airport, handles all domestic and international flights. In 2007, a major expansion was begun that will expand the airport’s capacity from the current 8 million passengers per year to 16 million passengers per year. A smaller airport, Guaymaral Airport, serves as a base for Police Aviation and all general aviation activities.

The city's attractions

It will be very interesting for European tourists to see the sights of Bogota, because. everything is different here: architecture, city ​​structure, colors, styles. It is possible for 15 dollars take a bus tour of the city full day. So you can get to know the city as much as possible in a short time.. Highlighted the top 10 places, which a tourist must visit, to get a lot of positive emotions and remember the city for life.

  1. Guided tour of the city's street art. This tour conquers from the first exhibit. Graffiti and mural artists come here from all over the world. Walls of houses, as new, almost abandoned, decorate huge scale paintings. In most cases, these are just 3D works- arts.
  2. Gold Museum. Collected here are the gold jewelry of the Chibcha Indians, who lived in this territory for almost 1000 years ago and even then they were famous for their jewelry craftsmanship.
  3. Fernando Botero Museum. It is a world famous landmark in Colombia., which is located in Bogota. The most extraordinary artist of this country painted pictures, to make people smile. Unusual canvases, bright, sometimes cartoony and absolutely everything brings positive to the viewer.
  4. Flea Market on 7th Street. On Sundays, this place becomes the city's open-air trade center..
  5. The observation deck of the Colpatria skyscraper is a great option to look at Bogota almost from the sky.
  6. Cathedral of bogota. Differs in its majesty. The symbol of the city.
  7. Hike up Mount Montserrat, to admire the scenery and taste coca tea at the top. To climb to the top by cable car, need to pay 15 dollars. You can walk, but this is a very exhausting process.
  8. If there is a car, then a 2-hour drive from Bogota is an underground (200 m) catholic church of Sepakira. It mesmerizes with its atmosphere.
  9. Young people should visit the most fashionable electronic music club in the city "Baum".
  10. Emerald Museum. Here you can not only see, but also to purchase products from this stone in the store at the museum. The entrance is worth 2 dollar.

Emerald Museum

Education

Central Square, National University of Colombia, Bogota, D.C..

The District Education Department is the entity responsible for preschool, primary, secondary and middle school education in Bogotá. According to article 67 of the Colombian Political Constitution, “the State, society and family are responsible for education, that will be obligatory between 5 and 15 years of age and that will consist of minimum one preschool year and nine years of basic education.” The “Bogota, a Great School” plan guarantees a total coverage of educational needs so that the education system is available to all children in the designated education years.

Bogotá has many public and private schools, universities, technical institutes, and language schools, among others. Its colleges and universities have a major impact on the city and region’s economy. Not only are they major employers, but they also attract national and international industries to the city and surrounding region, including highly needed technology industries. The city is Colombia’s educational hub.

Private universities include Los Andes University, the Javeriana University, Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Señora del Rosario, University of Bogotá Jorge Tadeo Lozano, University of La Sabana, La Gran Colombia University among others, while public universities include the National University of Colombia, College of Cundinamarca, Francisco José de Caldas District University Nueva Granada Military University National Pedagogical University.

Weather, climate, temperature by months in Bogota

Season Fall Winter Spring Summer
Month Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug year
Record maximum °C 23 22 27 27 28 25 28 30 23 25 27 27 30
Average maximum °C 18 18 18 18 18 18 19 18 18 17 17 17 18
average temperature °C 13 13 13 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 12 12 13
Average minimum °C 7 8 8 7 6 7 8 8 8 8 8 7 8
Record minimum °C -2 -2 -2 -3 -2 -3
Rain Days 4 7 12 3 3 3 7 7 8 4 2 3 63
Fog Days 17 20 21 24 25 21 21 17 17 12 11 14 220
Thunderstorm Days 7 13 12 6 5 5 9 10 8 3 2 3 83
Precipitation level Mm. 50 140 110 60 40 50 80 110 100 60 40 40 880
Air humidity % 80 85 85 85 80 80 85 85 85 80 80 80 83
Humidity in the morning % 92 92 93 94 95 94 93 93 92 91 90 91 93
Humidity in the evening % 68 74 76 73 67 68 70 73 72 69 66 65 70
Wind speed Km / h 14 9 12 12 14 14 14 8 8 14 14 14 12
Length of the day Hours 13 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 12
Dew point °C 9 10 10 9 8 9 10 10 10 10 8 8 111
Sum of active temperatures °C 92 103 100 95 78 86 121 117 112 100 95 86 1184
Solar radiation Mj/m2 19 18 17 18 19 19 18 17 17 18 19 19 18

Show more

Bogota – Nearest airports

Total 10 records.

Bogota LMSHeliportSeabaseClosed
8 km Bogota L
44 km Villavicencio M
51 km Gomez Nino Apiay Air Base Apiay M
54 km Girardot M
69 km Mariquita M
72 km La Dorada M
74 km Ibague M
82 km Tunja M
100 km Manizales M
115 km Pereira M

Cities close to Bogota

Showing entries 1-10 of 495.

Country Region City Costs The quality of life Climate Security
Colombia Month 1-10 1-10 1-10
0 km Colombia Bogota D.C. Bogota 7,674,366 378 USD 4.9 9.8 4.9
132 km Colombia Antioquia Medellin 1,999,979 279 USD 5.7 9.9 6.4
384 km Colombia Atlantic Barranquilla 1,380,425 363 USD
162 km Colombia Cauca's Valley Kali 2,392,877 271 USD 4.5 5.7 5.2
358 km Colombia Bolivar Cartagena 952,024
161 km Colombia Santander To Bukhara 571,820
90 km Colombia Caldas Manisales 357,814
200 km Colombia Cauca Popayan 258,653
70 km Colombia Boyacá Tunha 117,479
280 km Colombia Narino Pasta 382,236

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Crime

In less than 50 years, Bogotá went from being a small city with less than 500,000 inhabitants to a metropolis of more than 7 million. Between the mid-1980s to the early 1990s, as the population grew, violence and crime increased excessively, resulting in Bogotá being considered one of the most dangerous cities in the world in the mid 1990s. At one point it had a homicide rate of 80 per 100,000 people. Since then however, Bogotá has gone to great lengths to change its crime rate and its image. The change was the result of a participatory and integrated security policy that was first adopted in 1995. Because of its success, this security policy has continued to be implemented ever since. In 2005, Bogotá’s murder rate had declined to 23 persons per 100,000 inhabitants, a 71 percent drop from 10 years before. Interestingly, by the way of comparison, the city today has a lower murder rate than Washington, D.C., Caracas, Sao Paulo, Mexico City, Panama City, and Rio de Janeiro.

While Bogotá was successfully reducing homicides, other Colombian cities were experiencing substantial increases in the homicide rate, due to the armed conflict and drug trafficking in the late 1990s. Bogotá also reduced the number of fatal traffic accidents from 25 per 100,000 inhabitants in 1995 to 8.7 in 2003. The city reduced other crimes by 35 percent between 1998 and 2004.

In a travel warning dated June 4, 2007, the US State Department stated

Culture

The capital is home to the largest museums in Colombia.

The Gold Museum is a unique collection of antique jewelry, pre-Columbian sites. There are no analogues to this museum anywhere in the world.. The largest collection of gold objects boggles the mind.

National Museum of Colombia - no less interesting to visit. Works of art are also collected here, and ancient pottery, sculptures and masks. There is a garden inside the museum, where you can relax and comprehend everything you see within the walls of the museum.

The Botero Museum is a huge collection of works of art by renowned Colombian artist Fernando Botero, as well as his personal collection. The artist created a museum, in which he exhibited in addition to his works, works of great masters.

Beyond large gatherings, walking around the city, you can wander into small museums, dedicated to history or some kind of craft. Some old temples have also turned into museums., and their interior decoration is admirable.

Geography

Downtown from Salitre Magico Park.

International Center of Bogota.

Bogotá’s lies at latitude 3°41’24″N to 4°49’54″N and longitude 74.3°W. The city has an area of 612.74 square miles (1,587 sq km). Including the metropolitan area, its surface is 668.73 square miles (1,732 sq km).

Bogotá is located in the center of Colombia, on the east of the “savannah of Bogota,” 8661 feet (2640 meters) above sea level on a plateau of the eastern mountain range of the Andes. Although “sabana,” as it is popularly called, is literally “savanna,” the geographical site is actually a high plateau in the Andes Mountains. The extended region is also known as “Cundi-Boyacense plateau” which literally means “high plateau of Cundinamrca and Boyaca.”

The Bogotá River crosses the ‘sabana’ forming Tequendama Falls to the south. Tributary rivers form valleys with flourishing villages, whose economies are based on agriculture, raising livestock and artesian production.

The ‘sabana’ is bordered to the east by the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes mountain range. Surrounding hills, which limit city growth, run from south to north, parallel to the Guadalupe and Monserrate mountains. The western city limit is the Bogotá River; Sumapaz paramo borders the south and to the north Bogotá extends over the mentioned plateau up to the towns of Chía and Sopó.

Climate

Due to its high altitude and proximity to the equator, Bogotá has a constant, mild to cool climate year ’round. Temperature fluctuations are relatively small with the average monthly high temperatures ranging from 59ºF to 62ºF (14.9ºC – 16.7ºC) while the average monthly low temperatures range from 42ºF to 48ºF (5.6ºC – 8.7ºC). Dry and rainy seasons alternate throughout the year. The driest months are December to February while April, May, September, October and November are the wettest. Bogotá averages 31.5 inches (799 millimeters) of rain annually spread over an average of 185 rain days.

Frost usually occurs in dry season and during this period, the temperature falls below 0°C. The lowest temperature ever recorded was -8°C (17°F) inside the city and -10°C (14°F) in the nearby towns of the savanna.

Climatic conditions are irregular and quite variable due to the El Niño and La Niña climatic phenomena, which occur in and around the Pacific basin and are responsible for very pronounced climatic changes.

Urban layout and nomenclature

The urban layout dates to Colonial times, and is a square layout adopted from Spain. The current street layout has streets which run perpendicular to the hills in an east-west direction with numbering increasing toward the north, and toward the south from calle 1, and careers which run parallel to the hills in the south-north direction with numbering increasing east and west from carrera 1. New urban sectors incorporate diagonal – similar to streets – and transversal – similar to carreras. Streets are numbered.

Bogotá has over one thousand neighborhoods or divisions forming the developed urban network. Neighborhoods of higher economic status are primarily located to the north and north-east. Poorer neighborhoods are located to the south and south-east, many of them squatter areas. The middle classes usually inhabit the central, western and north-western sections of the city.

Demographics

The largest and most populous city in Colombia, Bogotá had 7,881,156 inhabitants residing in 2,262,251 dwellings in its metropolitan area according to the 2005 census.

Reliable figures on ethnicity are difficult to establish as the national census dropped references to race after 1918, recognizing the impossibility of objective racial classification and not wishing to emphasize ethnic or racial differences. In the late 1980s estimates concluded that mestizos (white-Indian mix) constituted approximately 50 percent of the population, whites 25 percent, mulattoes (black-white mix) and zambos (black-Indian mix) 20 percent, blacks 4 percent, and Indians 1 percent. The varying groups are found in differing concentrations throughout the nation, with the whites tending to live mainly in the urban centers, particularly in Bogotá. After the 1940s, the mestizos began moving to the cities, where they became part of the urban working class or urban poor.

Economy

Bogotá is Colombia’s largest economic center and the headquarters of major commercial banks, and to the Bank of the Republic, Colombia’s central bank as well as Colombia’s main stock market (established 1928). Because of its status as site of the country’s capital, it is home to a number of government agencies, which represent a major component of the city’s economy. Bogotá houses the military headquarters and is the center of Colombia’s telecommunications network. Public services include energy, sewer and telephones. Energy and sewer bills are stratified based on the location of the residence. Thus, the wealthier sections of society help subsidize the energy bills of the poorer sections of society.

Most companies in Colombia have their headquarters in Bogotá, and it is home to many foreign companies doing business in Colombia and neighboring countries. Bogotá is a major center for the import and export of goods for Colombia and the Andean Community in Latin America and is the home of Colombia’s tire, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, but its chief activities are commercial. It is the hub of air travel in the nation and the home of South America’s first commercial airline Avianca (National Airways of Colombia). Bogotá also receives money from exports such as flowers and emeralds. In downtown Bogotá, millions of dollars in domestically produced rough and cut emeralds are bought and sold daily.

Urban areas

The city is conditionally divided into rich and poor areas.. Tourists need to wander around the main areas of Bogota.

  1. The heart of the city is the Candelaria area with colonial architecture., beautiful streets, expensive shops and hotels. It is always crowded here and the atmosphere of continuous celebration reigns.. Local carnivals are held in this area, city ​​holidays, open air concerts.
  2. Las Nieves is a place of concentration of businessmen. Here are the main offices of large companies. Modern architecture, many skyscrapers made of concrete and glass.
  3. La Macarela is also a tourist destination. District with traditional Latin American architecture, old houses and narrow streets with cozy restaurants.

La Macarella district

Notes

  1. James D. Henderson, Helen Delpar, Maurice Philip Brungardt, and Richard N. Weldon, A Reference Guide to Latin American History (Routledge, 2000, ISBN 978-1563247446), 61.
  2. Bogotá an Andean city (in Spanish). the Mayor's Office of Bogotá.. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  3. 2005 Census (in Spanish). National Administrative Department of Statistics DANE. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  4. Fodors. Colombian History Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  5. S. Arias and M. Melendez, “Sacred and Imperial Topographies in Juan de Castellanos’s Elegies of Illustrious Men of the Indies” in Mapping Colonial Spanish America: Places and Commonplaces of Identity, Culture and Experience. (Bucknell University Press, 2002, ISBN 0838755097).
  6. ↑ Bogotá City Hall History Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  7. World Facts. Bogotá Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  8. Bogota, Colombia. Bogotá DC Retrieved November 9, 2007
  9. World Weather Information Service. . Retrieved November 9, 2007
  10. Official Website of Bogotá Tourism. Retrieved November 7, 2007
  11. Encyclopedia Britannica. Bogota, Colombia Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  12. City of Miami. Bogota, Colombia Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  13. DANE. General Census 2005 Results Metropolitan Area of ​​Bogotá Retrieved November 21, 2007.
  14. Library of Congress Country Studies. Race and EthnicityRetrieved November 10, 2007.
  15. Safe Community. Bogotá’s success story Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  16. Shelley de Botton, February 14, 2007. Bogota: profiling a security plan that is integrated and participatory Safe Community. Retrieved November 21, 2007.
  17. Hugo Acero, August 12, 2006. Bogotá’s success story Safe Community. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  18. U.S. Department of State. June 4, 2007.Travel Warning Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  19. Bogotá City Hall. Education Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  20. Encyclopedia Britannica. Colombia Retrieved November 10, 2007
  21. Countries and Their Cultures. Culture of Colombia Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  22. Bogotá City Hall. General Information Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  23. Soaring Steps. Cumbia Dance History – Cumbia Historysoaringsteps.org. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  24. CIA World Fact Book. Colombia Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  25. The New York Times Company – About, Inc. Religion in Colombia Retrieved November 10, 2007.
  26. Bogotá City Hall. Bogotá Health Services Retrieved November 9, 2007.

Mount Montserrat

For those, who is not afraid of heights and easily adapts to the high mountain climate, it will be interesting to visit Montserrat.

However, the height reaches more 3 km. Therefore, you should carefully weigh your strength..

The mountain used to be a sacred place for the Indians, however, the catholic ministers decided to make it the object of the catholic church.

The monastery on Mount Montserrat was erected in 1657 year and since then has been the main shrine of the country. There is a healing crucifix in the main cathedral of the temple complex., which hundreds of pilgrims and tourists strive to get to every day.

An old church also flaunts at the top., dedicated to the Black Madonna.

The observation deck offers a beautiful view of the entire city. It's worth climbing here at least for the sake of this.

Prices in Bogota

Colombia is a relatively inexpensive tourist country. Prices in Bogota are also low:

  • cheap city transport - from 70 cents;
  • reasonable prices for souvenirs;
  • food prices are quite adequate: here are relatively cheap vegetables and fruits, you can enjoy exotic things from the bottom of your heart, walking through the local street markets, but the meat is expensive;
  • dinner in a budget restaurant will cost about 10 dollars per person: almost every cafe has budget breakfasts and lunches 3-5 dollars.

Entertainment here is also affordable for everyone: the ticket to the museum costs 3 dollar, at a concert 5-10 dollars, excursions - from 10 to 15 dollars. Taking a taxi in the city is worth it 3 dollar.

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